What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the many different compounds, known as cannabinoids, found in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids are unique because they act on cannabinoid receptors that are part of the endocannabinoid system found throughout the body. The second most abundant compound in cannabis, CBD is not intoxicating and has none of the psychoactive properties of THC.
How does CBD work?
CBD primarily interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system, a grouping of millions of cannabinoid receptors found throughout your body, but are primarily clustered in the brain and central nervous system. While CBD is a phytocannabinoid, or plant-based cannabinoid, your body also naturally produces cannabinoids, known as endocannabinoids. Almost every organ of your body, including your skin and digestive tract, contains cannabinoid receptors. The endocannabinoid system has four primary purposes including neuroprotection, stress relief, immune response, and regulating the body’s general state of balance, impacting faculties such as appetite, sleep, mood, and pain. Unlike THC, CBD does not interact directly with the two classical cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2). This is why CBD does not cause any psychoactive effect. Instead, CBD inhibits the enzymes that break down endocannabinoids, leading to an increase in your body’s naturally-produced cannabinoids. CBD’s molecular formula is C21H30O2, and it has a molecular mass of 314.4636.
How is CBD made?
Nearly pure CBD is isolated from the other cannabinoids found in hemp oil. Hemp oil is extracted from the stalks and stems of cannabis using a chemical process and contains the full range of cannabinoids found in the plant. Oil may be obtained using solvents or with a non-toxic and non-flammable CO2 extraction method.
What is CBD used for?
CBD is used to treat a wide-range of conditions including, epilepsy, joint pain, nerve pain, faster wound healing, skin problems, inflammation, muscle soreness and more. CBD also enhances circulation and regenerates cellular activity, which means that there is an ever-increasing number of conditions that can be treated with this particular cannabinoid. Given its ability to reduce oxidative stress, CBD has also been shown to improve mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression.
CBD comes in which forms?
There are many different types of CBD; flowers, oil, tinctures, edibles, oral spray, balms, vaping, for instance: CBD oil is ideal for treating ear localized infections like in the ear or fungal. The sales of high-CBD transdermal patches and other topical forms such as creams, balms and salves are quickly gaining traction as well due to their ability to provide quick symptom relief.