What is the CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of many different compounds, known as cannabinoids, found in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids are unique because they act on cannabinoid receptors that are part of the endocannabinoid system present throughout the body. The second most abundant compound in cannabis, CBD is not intoxicating and has none of the psychoactive properties of THC.
How does CBD work?
CBD mainly interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system, a group of millions of cannabinoid receptors present throughout the body, but they are mainly grouped in the brain and central nervous system. While CBD is a phytocannabinoid, or plant cannabinoid, your body naturally also produces cannabinoids, known as endocannabinoids. Almost all of the body’s organs, including the skin and digestive tract, contain cannabinoid receptors. The endocannabinoid system has four primary purposes including neuroprotection, stress relief, immune response and regulation of the overall state of body balance, which has an impact on faculties such as appetite, sleep, mood and pain. Unlike THC, CBD does not interact directly with the two classic cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2). This is why CBD does not cause any psychoactive effect. Instead, CBD inhibits enzymes that kill endocannabinoids, leading to an increase in cannabinoids produced naturally by your body. The molecular formula of CBD is C21H30O2, and has a molecular mass of 314.4636.
How is CBD produced?
Almost pure CBD is isolated from the other cannabinoids found in hemp oil. Hemp oil is extracted from the stems of cannabis using a chemical process and contains the full range of cannabinoids present in the plant. Petroleum can be obtained using solvents or by a non-toxic, non-flammable method of CO2 extraction.
What is the purpose of CBD?
According to several studies published in both the United States and England CBD is used to treat a wide range of conditions, including epilepsy, joint pain, nerve pain, faster wound healing, skin problems, inflammation, muscle pain and more. CBD also improves circulation and regenerates cellular activity, which means that there are an increasing number of conditions that can be treated with this particular cannabinoid. Given its ability to reduce oxidative stress, CBD has also been shown to improve mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression.
Is CBD available in what forms?
There are many different types of CBD: flowers, oil, tinctures, edible products, oral sprays, conditioners, vapours, for example: CBD oil is ideal for the treatment of localized infections in the ear such as in the ear or in the fungus. Sales of transdermal plasters with a high CBD content and other topical forms such as creams, conditioners and ointments are rapidly gaining traction due to their ability to provide rapid symptom relief.